Renter-Occupied Housing Units

(1993 NYC Housing and Vacancy Survey)

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Household Composition

See Detailed Description

Age and Sex of Householder


The householder (reference person) is the household member or one of the household members who owns or rents the sample unit. See also "Age of Householder".

Age of Householder


Age Classification is based on the age reported as of that person's last birthday. Children under age 1 year of age are classified as 1 year old.

Race and Ethnicity of Householder

The concept of race as used by the Census Bureau does not denote a clear-cut scientific definition of biological stock. Race was determined for each person in the household on the basis of a question that asked for self-identification of a person's race.

Number of Persons

All persons occupying the housing unit are counted.

Presence of Nonrelatives

A nonrelative of the householder is any person in the household that is not related to the householder (reference person) by blood, marriage or adoption. Roomers, boarders, etc. are included in this category.

Household Members Under Age 18 

Include all members of the household (other than the householder and his/her spouse) regardless of their relationship to the householder, who fall in this age group.

Household Members Under Age 6

Include all members of the household (other than the householder and his/her spouse) regardless of their relationship to the householder, who fall in this age group.

 1992 Total Household Income 

Household income is the income of all members of the household 15 years or older regardless of whether they are related to the householder or not. The data represent income for calendar year 1992.

1992 Total Household Income of Primary Individuals

A primary individual is a householder who lives alone.

Previous Residence of Householder

Previous residence of current householder. Limited to householders who moved into the unit in 1990 or later, and who was the householder in the previous residence at the time of the move.


Year Householder Moved into Unit

The year in which the householder moved into the unit; that is, the date of the latest move. If the householder moved out of the unit but returned later, the data refer to the date he/she moved back.

Year Moved (continued) 

Data from this item represent the number of housing units located in buildings of a specified size, not the number of residential buildings.

Reason Householder Moved From Previous Residence

Data are shown for units where the respondent moved into the sample unit in 1990 or later.




New York City Structure Class 

See detailed explanation

Year Building Built 

Data on year built were obtained from records provided by the New York City Department of Housing Preservation & Development.

Number of Units in Building

All units (both occupied and vacant) were counted. A building is classifiec as a separate building if it has either open space on all sides or is separated from other structures by dividing walls that extend from ground to roof.

Number of Stories in Building 


Number of floors in the building. Basements are counted as a floor only if occupied.


Presence of Owner in Building 

The owner need not live in the sample unit to be considered as living in the building.

 Elevator in Building with 2 Stories or More 




Condition of Building 

Dilapidated buildings do not provide safe and adequate shelter to the occupants. A structure was rated dilapidated if it showed one or more critical defects or a combination of intermediate defects or inadequate original construction.

Condition of External Walls of Building

See detailed description

Condition of Windows of Building


See detailed description

Condition of Stairways of Building

See detailed description

Condition of Floors of Building


See detailed description

Number of Building Condition Problems



Rooms counted include whole rooms used for living purposes, such as living rooms, dining rooms, bedrooms, etc. Also included are rooms used for offices by a person living in the unit.

 Persons per Room 

The number of persons in the unit divided by the number of rooms in the unit. The data refer, therefore, to the number of housing units having the specified ratio of persons per room.


The count of rooms used mainly for sleeping, even if also used for other purposes. A housing unit consisting of only one room, such as an efficiency apartment, is classified by definition as having no bedroom.

 Monthly Contract Rent 

The rent agreed to or contracted for, even if the furnishings, utilities, or services are included. Rental units occupied without payment of cash rent are classified as "no cash rent."


Contract Rent as % of Household Income


The percentage of a household's average monthly income represented by the monthly rental expense is included here. Uses the monthly Contract Rent as the numerator.


Monthly Contract Rent Per Room


See "Monthly Contract Rent" and "Rooms"


Gross Rent


The monthly contract rent plus the monthly cost of utilities (electricity, gas, and water and sewer) and other fuels (oil,kerosene,wood, etc.) if these items are paid by the renter in addition to rent.


Gross Rent as % of Household Income


See "Gross Rent" and "Household Income"

Monthly Gross Rent Per Room


See "Gross Rent" and "Rooms"

Household Receiving Public Assistance


This item refers to anyone in the household, regardless of their age or relationship to the householder, who receives public assistance payments from such sources as AFDC, Home Relief, SSI, etc.

Households Below Specified Poverty Income Level


The specified income level statistics presented are derived from an updated poverty level index used in the March Current Population Survey supplement. This index is based on a definition originated by the Social Security Administration in 1964 and subsequently modified by a Federal Interagency Committee in 1969. This index provides a range of income cutoffs or "poverty thresholds" adjusted to take into account such factors as size of family unit, age of householder, and number of children.

Households Receiving SCRIE


Inquiry on exemptions was made of all renter occupied cash rent households with persons 62 years of age or older. The City of New York will give a tax abatement to the landlord corresponding to the amount of rent increase over one-third of income if the householder of a renter household or spouse is over age 62, and income is not more than $15,000 per year.

Type of Heating Fuel



Monthly Cost of Electricity



Monthly Cost of Utility Gas



Monthly Cost of Water and Sewer



Monthly Cost of Other Fuels



Additional Heating Required


Additional Heating refers to households that reported using additional sources of heat to supplement their regular system, because the regular system, though functioning, did not provide enough heat during the winter prior to the time of interview. Additional sources of heat, such as kitchen stoves, fireplaces, or portable heaters, may have been used only in the mornings or on extra cold days. Electric blankets, heating pads, or hot water bottles are not considered additional sources of heat.

Breakdown in Heating System


Breakdowns or failures in heating systems refer to households that reported a heating equipment breakdown that lasted six consecutive hours or longer during the winter prior to the time of the survey. Heating equipment is considered unusable if it cannot be used for the purposes intended; the breakdown may be caused by broken pipes, electrical or gas parts out of order, or downed power lines.

Cracks or Holes in Walls, Ceiling or Floor


This item is based on respondent's report of cracks or holes in interior walls or ceilings of the unit. Cracks may be due to any of the following reasons: damage by rats or mice, rotten wood, faulty masonry, or normal building settling. Included are cracks or holes that do not go all the way through to the next room, housing unit, or to the outdoors. Hairline cracks (cracks appearing in the walls or ceiling that aren't large enough to insert a finger nail file into) and small holes caused by nails or thumbtacks are not included.

Broken Plaster or Peeling Paint


The data refer to whether or not the household reported broken plaster or peeling paint on the interior ceilings or walls of their unit. If the condition existed, additional data show whether the area(s) are larger than 8 1/2 inches by 11 inches.

Rodent Infestation



Water Leak in Unit


The data refers to units wherein water has leaked into the unit other than from the unit's fixtures backing up or overflowing. Units with situations such as leaks through the ceilings or roof, or closed windows are included here.

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