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NEW YORK STATE
REAL PROPERTY ACTIONS AND PROCEEDINGS LAW
(RPAPL)


ARTICLE 1

SHORT TITLE; DEFINITIONS; JURISDICTION OF CERTAIN ACTIONS;
CONSTRUCTION OF ACT

Section   101.      Short title.

          111.      Definitions.

          121.      Jurisdiction of certain actions relating
                    to real property situate without the state.

          131.      Construction of act of reconsolidation.

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Sec. 101. SHORT TITLE.

This chapter shall be known as the real property actions and
proceedings law and may be cited as "RPAPL".


Sec. 111. DEFINITIONS.

1.   As used in section 1641 of this chapter and in sections 1901
     and 1911 of this chapter, the terms "real property" and
     "lands" are co-extensive in meaning with lands, tenements
     and hereditaments.

2.   As used in section 1921, the term "real property" includes
     lands, tenements and hereditaments and chattels real, except
     a lease for a term not exceeding three years.

3.   As used in this chapter the term "incompetent" or
     "incompetent person" means a person incompetent to manage
     his affairs of whose property a committee has been appointed
     pursuant to section 78.03 or a person of whose property a
     committee has been appointed pursuant to section 78.07 of
     the mental hygiene law.

4.   As used in this chapter the term "infant" or "minor" means a
     person who has not attained the age of eighteen years.

5.   As used in this chapter, the term "conservatee" means a
     person under substantial impairment within the meaning of
     the conservatorship provisions of article seventy-seven of
     the mental hygiene law for whom a conservator has been
     appointed.


Sec. 121. JURISDICTION OF CERTAIN ACTIONS RELATING TO REAL
          PROPERTY SITUATE WITHOUT THE STATE.

An action may be maintained in the courts of this state to
recover damages for injuries to real estate without the state, or
for breach of contracts or of covenants relating thereto,
whenever such an action could be maintained in relation to
personal property without the state. The action must be tried in
the county in which the parties or some one thereof resides, or
if no party resides within the state, in any county.


Sec. 131. CONSTRUCTION OF ACT OF RECONSOLIDATION.

1.   This chapter shall be construed as a continuation and
     reenactment of the provisions of the real property law
     repealed by article 21 hereof as such provisions existed on
     December 31, 1961.

2.   The repeal by this chapter of provisions of the real
     property law specified in article 21 hereof and the
     enactment of this chapter shall not affect any action or
     proceeding pending under any such provision at the time this
     chapter shall take effect.

3.   Any act of the legislature of the year 1962 or 1963 which in
     form amends or repeals or purports to amend or repeal any
     provision or provisions of the real property law repealed by
     article 21 of this chapter shall be legally effective
     notwithstanding the repeal of such provision or provisions
     and shall be construed as an amendment or repeal, as the
     case may be, of the corresponding provision or provisions of
     this chapter, and such corresponding provisions shall be
     construed to be amended, modified, changed or repealed as
     though they had been expressly and in terms so amended or
     repealed.

4.   Reference by any law, general or special, in force on
     December 31, 1961, or in any act of the legislature of the
     year 1962 or 1963, to a provision of the real property law
     repealed by article 21 of this chapter as in force
     immediately before the time this chapter shall take effect
     shall be construed to refer to the corresponding provision
     of this chapter.




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