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NEW YORK STATE
MULTIPLE DWELLING LAW

Chapter 713 of the Laws of 1929, as amended


                            ARTICLE 4
                  FIREPROOF MULTIPLE DWELLINGS

Section             100. Application of article four.

                             TITLE 1
                         FIRE PROTECTION

Section             101. Requirements for fireproof
                         construction.
                    102. Stairs.
                    103. Egress from apartments.
                    104. Bulkheads.
                    105. Separation and ventilation of
                         stairs.
                    106. Cellar and basement stairs.
                    107. Public halls.
                    108. Partitions.

                             TITLE 2
                           SANITATION

Section             115. Interior water-closets and
                         bathrooms.
                    116. Water-closets in certain class
                         B multiple dwellings.
                    117. Employees' water-closets.

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Sec. 100. Application of article four.

The provisions of this article shall apply to fireproof multiple
dwellings erected after April eighteenth, nineteen hundred twenty-
nine, and to such dwellings only. They shall apply to all such
fireproof dwellings unless their application is expressly limited
to dwellings of a particular class. They shall apply in addition
to, and not in substitution for, the provisions of article three.


                             TITLE 1
                         FIRE PROTECTION

Sec. 101. Requirements for fireproof construction.

1.   Every such dwelling exceeding six stories or seventy-five
     feet in height shall be fireproof. No multiple dwelling
     shall be altered so as to exceed either of such heights
     without being made fireproof.

2.   In a fireproof multiple dwelling the walls, floors, roof,
     stairs and public halls shall all be fireproof except as
     provided in subdivision three. No beams, lintels or other
     structural members shall be of wood. No wood or other
     inflammable material shall be used in any of the partitions,
     furrings or ceilings. For the portion of a multiple dwelling
     more than one hundred fifty feet above the curb level, no
     wood shall be used except as provided in subdivision three
     and except for interior trim of windows.

3.   The foregoing requirements shall not be construed as
     prohibiting:

     a.   Elsewhere than within, or in the openings to, the
          public halls, stairs and shafts, the use of wood for
          sleepers, grounds, nailing blocks, underflooring,
          finish flooring, interior doors with their assemblies
          and saddles, floor base not more than one foot in
          height, picture and wall moulding, shelving, closet and
          kitchen fixtures, cupboards, cabinets and wardrobes.

     b.   The use of wood for windows and for interior trim and
          finish backed solidly against, or filled with,
          incombustible material when located not more than one
          hundred fifty feet above the curb level and elsewhere
          than within, or in the openings to, the public halls,
          stairs and shafts.

     c.   The use within apartments of wood for decorative wall
          paneling, wainscoting, mantels or other interior
          finish, and the use in an entrance hall of wall
          paneling or wainscoting made of fireproof wood or other
          material capable of successfully withstanding standard
          fire tests prescribed in the local building code and in
          a manner approved by the department.

     d.   Where fireproof doors are required, the use for such
          doors, with their assemblies and saddles, of material
          and construction capable of successfully withstanding a
          one-hour standard fire test prescribed in the local
          building code and in a manner approved by the
          department. Should any door required to be fireproof be
          found to have deteriorated so that it shall after
          installation fail to conform to the standard fire tests
          prescribed, such door shall be removed by the owner and
          replaced by him with a door capable of successfully
          withstanding such tests.

4.   All materials combustible in their natural state which are
     constructed, processed or protected so that they will not
     support combustion shall, before being installed in a
     multiple dwelling for any of the uses herein specified, be
     permanently identified by label or marking with the name of
     the manufacturer and the year of manufacture in a manner
     approved by the department.

5.   When required to be fireproof, any outer wall or any wall or
     partition which carries any load in addition to its own
     weight shall, unless otherwise in this chapter expressly
     required, be constructed of materials capable of
     successfully withstanding a four-hour standard fire test
     prescribed in the local building code and in a manner
     approved by the department. When required to be fireproof,
     any wall or partition which carries only its own weight,
     other than an outer wall, shall be constructed of materials
     capable of successfully withstanding a one-hour standard
     fire test prescribed in the local building code and in a
     manner approved by the department.


Sec. 102. Stairs.

1.   Except as otherwise specifically provided in subdivisions
     three and four and in paragraphs b to j inclusive of
     subdivision six, every multiple dwelling which exceeds two
     stories in height shall have at least two fire-stairs. Such
     fire-stairs shall extend from the entrance story to the roof
     and be equipped with fireproof self-closing doors glazed
     with wire glass and without transoms. No windows shall be
     required in such stairs, but any openings in exterior walls,
     except any window openings facing a street or yard, shall be
     equipped with fireproof frame and sash glazed with wire
     glass. Entrances to such fire-stairs shall be at least
     fifteen feet distant from each other and from the entrance
     to every other fire-stair or fire-tower, except that the
     distance between two such entrances may be less if they are
     on opposite sides of an elevator vestibule or other public
     hall or are separated by an elevator shaft. The doors giving
     access to such stairs shall not be held open by any device
     whatever.

2.   Every such fire-stair shall have an entrance on the entrance
     story from a street or an entrance at the side or rear of
     the dwelling from a yard, court or passageway having
     continuous, safe and unobstructed access to a street. Except
     as otherwise expressly provided in paragraphs b to j
     inclusive of subdivision six, in a dwelling not exceeding
     one hundred twenty-five feet in height every stair, fire-
     stair and fire-tower shall be at least three feet in clear
     width, and where only one fire-stair or fire-tower is
     required such fire-stair or fire-tower shall be at least
     three feet eight inches in clear width. In a dwelling
     exceeding one hundred twenty-five feet in height every
     required fire-stair shall be at least three feet eight
     inches in clear width from the entrance story up to a floor
     level not more than one hundred feet below the ceiling of
     the highest story, and above such level every fire-stair
     shall be at least three feet in clear width. Every stair
     landing at every floor level shall be at least three feet
     eight inches in clear width in every direction.

3.   Except in dwellings erected under plans filed with the
     department before April twenty-eighth, nineteen hundred
     thirty, and except as otherwise provided in paragraphs b to
     j inclusive of subdivision six there shall be horizontal
     access from every apartment to at least two fire-stairs, at
     least one of which shall be within seventy-five feet
     horizontally in the line of travel from a required means of
     egress from such apartment.

4.   Except as provided in paragraphs b, c and d of subdivision
     six, a fire-tower may be substituted for any required fire-
     stair. When a fire-tower is substituted for a fire-stair,
     such fire-tower shall comply with all the applicable
     requirements for the fire-stair it replaces and shall have
     its means of egress directly to a street or to a yard or
     court having direct, unobstructed access to a street without
     passing through any entrance hall; except that a fire-tower
     may have its means of egress into a public vestibule if such
     means is not more than fifteen feet from a street in the
     line of travel.

5.   The stairs in a tower or dwelling containing a passenger
     elevator and meeting the conditions of paragraphs f, g or h
     of subdivision six may conform to the provisions of such
     paragraph and paragraph i of such subdivision in lieu of the
     different provisions which would otherwise be applicable
     thereto.

6.   Under the special conditions described in paragraphs a to j
     inclusive and in the following table, which applies only to
     class A dwellings, stairs shall conform to the applicable
     provisions of such paragraphs and table.

     NOTE: TABLE FOUND IN CHAP. 234 OF THE LAWS OF 1964

     a.   Except as otherwise expressly provided in this
          paragraph and in paragraphs b to j inclusive of
          subdivision six, if the number of living rooms on any
          story above the entrance story exceeds forty, there
          shall be an additional fire-stair for each twenty
          living rooms or fraction thereof in excess of forty on
          any story above the entrance story. Such an additional
          fire-stair shall not be required if the number of
          living rooms on no story above the entrance story
          exceeds fifty and in addition the clear width of one
          fire-stair is at least one and one-half times the width
          specified for a fire-stair in subdivision two, the
          clear width of every public hall connected with such
          fire-stair is at least one and one-half times the width
          specified for a public hall in section one hundred
          seven and the clear width of every entrance hall
          connected with such fire-stair is at least one and one-
          half times the width specified for an entrance hall in
          section fifty. Any additional fire-stair constructed
          pursuant to this paragraph need not be carried to a
          greater height than the level of a roof, or of a
          terrace formed by a setback, above the highest story on
          which the number of rooms requires such additional
          stair. When any fire-stair terminates at the level of a
          setback of any outer wall, such setback shall form a
          terrace at least four feet in depth measured between
          the inside of the parapet wall and the wall of the
          dwelling and at least ten feet in length measured
          parallel to the wall of the dwelling.

     b.   In a class A dwelling or section thereof not exceeding
          six stories in height, for which plans shall have been
          filed in the department before September first,
          nineteen hundred fifty-one, only one stair shall be
          required, provided the number of apartments having
          access to such stair on each story does not exceed six
          and the aggregate number of living rooms in such
          apartments does not exceed twenty, except that the
          total number of rooms above the first story shall not
          exceed one hundred and the total number of apartments
          above the first story shall not exceed thirty. Such
          stair shall in addition comply with all the provisions
          of section one hundred forty-eight relating to stairs
          in non-fireproof dwellings, except that in lieu of a
          window such stair may have at each story an opening to
          a street or to a lawful yard or court other than a
          court on a lot line. Such opening shall be at least
          forty square feet in area and five feet in width, and
          shall be furnished with a properly secured guard
          railing at least five feet in height and approved by
          the department. Such opening shall be kept continuously
          open to the outer air. No means of egress from any
          apartment to such stair shall be more than twenty-five
          feet distant therefrom.

     c.   In a class A dwelling or section thereof not exceeding
          six stories in height only one stair shall be required,
          provided the number of living rooms on any story above
          the entrance story does not exceed twenty. If the
          number of living rooms on any story or section thereof
          above the entrance story exceeds twenty, there shall be
          an additional stair for each twenty rooms or fraction
          thereof on any such floor or section in excess of
          twenty, except that if the number of living rooms on no
          such story or section above the entrance story exceeds
          thirty, in lieu of an additional stair one stair and
          every public hall connected therewith may be four feet
          six inches in clear width. Such stair shall be
          completely separated from every other stair, fire-
          stair, fire-tower, public hall and shaft by fireproof
          walls. Doors to stairs, fire-stairs and fire-tower
          balconies from any public hall in such a dwelling or
          section shall be at least three feet wide, self-closing
          and fireproof, with their assemblies also fireproof.
          The panels of every such door shall be glazed with
          clear wire glass and no pane thereof shall exceed three
          hundred sixty square inches in area. Those portions of
          the enclosure partition which separate the public hall
          from the stair shall be glazed with wired plate glass
          at least one-quarter inch in thickness, with no pane
          more than three hundred sixty square inches in area, so
          as to provide so far as practicable an unobstructed
          view of the stair from each public hall. Glass panels
          shall be at least twelve inches and not more than
          sixteen inches above the floor of the public hall.
          Public halls providing access to any such enclosed
          stair shall be lighted and ventilated as prescribed for
          non-fireproof dwellings in section one hundred forty-
          nine. No means of egress from any apartment to such a
          stair shall be more than fifty feet distant therefrom.

     d.   In a class A dwelling or section thereof not exceeding
          six stories in height only one stair shall be required,
          provided the number of apartments having access to such
          stair at each story does not exceed eight and the
          aggregate number of living rooms in such apartments
          does not exceed twenty-five, except that the total
          number of living rooms above the first story shall not
          exceed one hundred twenty-five and the total number of
          apartments above the first story shall not exceed
          forty. No means of egress from any apartment to such
          stair shall be more than twenty-five feet distant
          therefrom. Doors and stair enclosures shall conform to
          the provisions of paragraph c.

     e.   In a dwelling conforming to the provisions of paragraph
          b, c or d the lowest story may be designated as a
          basement if such story is not used for living purposes
          but is used solely for storage or other general utility
          purposes accessory to the occupancy, use and management
          of the dwelling. Such a basement shall not be deemed a
          story in computing the height of the dwelling.

     f.   Every tower erected pursuant to plans on or after
          December fifteenth, nineteen hundred sixty-one in a
          fireproof dwelling shall be provided with at least one
          passenger elevator. Such elevator shall be operated
          between the ground story and the highest story of such
          tower containing any living room and horizontal access
          thereto shall be provided at each story for every
          apartment in the tower. Stairs in such a tower may
          comply with the following provisions of this paragraph
          in lieu of the different provisions otherwise
          applicable. In such case there shall be provided at
          least one fire-stair. If there are more than fifteen
          living rooms on any story of the tower, there shall be
          an additional fire-stair for each additional fifteen
          such rooms or fraction thereof. Every fire-stair so
          required shall extend from the top story of the tower
          to the entrance hall of the dwelling and be
          horizontally accessible from each story of every
          apartment in the tower. If the tower was erected under
          plans filed with the department on or after April
          twenty-eighth, nineteen hundred thirty, it shall also
          have an additional means of egress as provided in
          paragraph i of this subdivision.

     g.   In a dwelling in which one or more passenger elevators
          are operated with horizontal access from every
          apartment in the dwelling and in which every story has
          an area of not more than twenty-five hundred square
          feet exclusive of elevator shafts, public halls, stairs
          and fire-stairs and contains not more than fifteen
          living rooms, stairs may comply with the provisions of
          this paragraph in lieu of the different provisions
          otherwise applicable. In such case there shall be at
          least one fire-stair, and there need not be more than
          one, accessible from each apartment on each story and
          extending from the roof to the entrance story with
          unobstructed access to a street. If the dwelling was
          erected under plans filed with the department on or
          after April twenty-eighth, nineteen hundred thirty, it
          shall also have an additional means of egress as
          provided in paragraph i.

     h.   When a dwelling is divided into sections by unpierced
          fireproof construction extending from the second tier
          of beams above the ground story to the roof, and one or
          more passenger elevators are operated in each such
          section with horizontal access from each apartment
          therein, and every story of each such section above the
          entrance story contains not more than ten living rooms
          where there are four or more apartments on such story
          or not more than fifteen living rooms where there are
          three apartments or less on such story, stairs may
          comply with the provisions of this paragraph in lieu of
          the different provisions otherwise applicable. In such
          case there shall be in each such section at least one
          fire-stair, and there need not be more than one,
          extending from the roof to the entrance story with
          unobstructed access to a street. If the dwelling was
          erected under plans filed with the department on or
          after April twenty-eighth, nineteen hundred thirty,
          each such section shall also have an additional means
          of egress as provided in paragraph i.

     i.   The main means of egress from every apartment in a
          tower or dwelling erected pursuant to the provisions of
          paragraph f, g, or h shall be within twenty-five feet
          of a fire-stair meeting the requirements of such
          paragraph. If the tower or dwelling was erected under
          plans filed with the department on or after April
          twenty-eight, nineteen hundred thirty, egress shall
          also be provided, in addition to the required fire-
          stairs, by means of another stair extending from the
          main roof of the dwelling, or in the case of a tower
          from the highest story thereof, to the entrance story,
          with unobstructed access to a street. Such additional
          stair shall be horizontally accessible from each
          apartment at each story through a vestibule or other
          public hall and shall conform with all the requirements
          for a fire-stair except that its clear width may be
          reduced to a minimum of twenty-eight inches, its risers
          may be increased to a maximum of nine inches in height,
          and its treads, exclusive of nosing, may be reduced to
          a minimum of eight inches in width. No door giving
          access thereto shall swing into such stair.

     j.   A class B dwelling in which at least eighty per centum
          of the living rooms above the second story open
          directly upon a public hall without any intervening
          foyer or private hall, shall have at least two fire-
          stairs accessible at each story from each room through
          a public hall. Such fire-stairs shall be so located
          that at least one fire-stair shall be not more than one
          hundred twenty-five feet along the line of travel from
          the means of egress from any living room. Every such
          fire-stair shall have a clear width of at least three
          feet eight inches. Two such fire-stairs shall be deemed
          adequate for seventy living rooms on any story. For
          each thirty-five living rooms or fraction thereof in
          excess of seventy on any story there shall be one
          additional fire-stair; except that if such fractional
          excess number of living rooms is not more than twenty
          per centum of the total number of living rooms provided
          for by the required two fire-stairs and one additional
          fire-stair for each thirty-five living rooms, if any,
          in excess of seventy, in lieu of another fire-stair for
          such fractional excess number of living rooms, the area
          of every fire-stair landing at such story may be
          increased by not less than two square feet for each
          living room of such fractional excess number of living
          rooms. In every such dwelling each living room which is
          occupied by three persons or more shall be counted as
          one additional room for each four hundred cubic feet or
          fraction thereof in excess of eight hundred cubic feet
          in the cubic content of such room.


Sec. 103. Egress from apartments.

1.   a.   Except as provided in paragraph b of this
          subdivision, there shall be at least one means of
          egress from each apartment on each and every story of
          such apartment, and a second means of egress if the
          first means is not within fifty feet of every living
          room in such apartment on such story. When two means of
          egress are required, they shall open from different
          rooms.

     b.   In any class A fireproof dwelling or section thereof
          erected under plans filed in the department after
          September first, nineteen hundred fifty-one, an
          apartment occupying parts of not more than two stories
          shall have at least one means of egress. Such required
          means of egress shall be not more than forty feet from
          any room within such apartment and shall open directly
          upon a public hall. Such public hall shall provide
          access to at least two fire-stairs. Any stair within an
          apartment shall be at least two feet six inches in
          width and a terminus shall be not more than twenty feet
          from the door which provides the required egress to a
          public hall, provided, however, that such stair within
          an apartment shall extend downwards or upwards to the
          story which provides the required access to at least
          two fire-stairs. In the event of but one such means of
          egress, and if the stair within the apartment extends
          downwards to provide egress to a public hall, there
          shall be a balcony upon the upper story of the
          apartment. If, however, such stair extends upwards to
          provide egress to a public hall, the balcony shall be
          located on the lower story of the apartment. Such
          balcony shall provide access from the apartment to a
          room of an adjoining apartment on the same story. Such
          balcony shall be constructed of incombustible material
          and be capable of sustaining a load of at least eighty
          pounds per square foot. Access to such balcony shall
          not be obstructed by sinks or kitchen fixtures or in
          any other way, and shall be maintained unobstructed at
          all times. Bars, gates, grilles or other obstructing
          devices on any window or door giving access to or
          egress from such balcony shall be unlawful.

2.   Except as otherwise expressly provided in paragraph b of
     subdivision six of section one hundred two for certain
     dwellings six stories or less in height, at least one fire-
     stair shall be within seventy-five feet of at least one
     means of egress from each apartment on each story thereof.

3.   When any such fire-stair serving any apartment as a required
     means of egress from the dwelling opens on the entrance
     story of the dwelling exclusively into an entrance hall, no
     other fire-stair serving the same apartment as a required
     means of egress from the dwelling shall open on such story
     exclusively into the same entrance hall. Any required fire-
     stair not opening on such story exclusively into an entrance
     hall shall open on a street or in a yard, court or
     passageway affording continuous, safe and unobstructed
     access to a street; but any such required fire-stair serving
     any apartment as a means of egress from the dwelling may
     have a supplementary entrance into the same entrance hall as
     that into which any other fire-stair serving the same
     apartment as a required means of egress from the dwelling
     opens exclusively.

4.   When any apartment occupies parts or all of three or more
     stories, every stair within such apartment leading to the
     third or any higher story of such apartment shall be
     enclosed with fireproof partitions with a fireproof door and
     assembly with the door self-closing at the second story
     landing of such stair and at every higher story landing from
     which the stair continues upward within the apartment; or in
     lieu of such fireproof partitions and doors at least two
     means of egress from such apartment opening from different
     rooms shall be provided on the first, third and alternate
     higher stories, if any, of such apartment.

5.   No means of egress from any apartment shall open into any
     stair, fire-stair or fire-tower required under the
     provisions of this section except through a vestibule or
     public hall.


Sec. 104. Bulkheads.

1.   Every stair, fire-stair and fire-tower required by this
     chapter to extend to the level of the roof or to any terrace
     formed by a setback shall extend to and through a fireproof
     bulkhead or other fireproof enclosure in such roof or
     terrace approved by the department. Such bulkhead or
     enclosure shall give unobstructed access at all times to
     such roof or terrace by means of a fireproof door and door
     assembly with the door self-closing. Such a door shall never
     be self-locking and shall be fastened on the inside by
     movable bolts, hooks or a lock which does not require a key
     to open from the inside of the dwelling. Stairs to a
     bulkhead or enclosure shall have a handrail. When a dwelling
     has a pitched or sloping roof with a pitch or slope of more
     than fifteen degrees, no bulkhead or stair leading thereto
     shall be required.

2.   The roof of any penthouse may for the purpose of this
     section be deemed part of the main roof if unobstructed
     access be provided and maintained between all required fire-
     stair landings on the main roof adjoining such penthouse, on
     the roof of such penthouse and on the roof of any other
     penthouse extending above such main roof. Such unobstructed
     access, where horizontal, shall be by means of a passage at
     least three feet in clear width. It may include one or more
     stairs necessary to provide access from any penthouse roof
     to any main roof adjoining such penthouse. Such stairs shall
     conform to all the requirements of section fifty-three for
     stairways of fire-escapes. There shall be a passageway at
     least four feet in clear width between such stairs and the
     parapet wall or guard railing of the main roof.


Sec. 105. Separation and ventilation of stairs.

1.   In a dwelling in which one or more passenger elevators are
     maintained and operated opening upon a public hall at every
     story, all stairs, fire-stairs and fire-towers shall be
     completely separated from one another and from every
     elevator shaft by fireproof walls. They shall be constructed
     of fireproof material throughout and shall contain no wood
     or other inflammable material of any kind, except that
     handrails of hardwood may be provided.

2.   Access to stairs, fire-stairs and fire-tower balconies from
     any public vestibule or other public hall shall be through
     fireproof doors and assemblies, with the doors self-closing
     and at least three feet wide, or through pairs of such doors
     at least four feet wide, containing in either case a fixed
     sash glazed with wire glass at least three hundred sixty
     square inches in area.

3.   Every stair hall shall be ventilated by a window, or by
     movable louvres in the skylight having an opening of at
     least one hundred forty-four square inches, or by an opening
     of at least one hundred forty-four square inches near the
     top of the stair shaft and communicating directly with the
     outer air. If a window is provided which does not open upon
     a street or yard, it shall be fireproof and glazed with wire
     glass of good quality and have no pane more than three
     hundred sixty square inches in area.


Sec. 106. Cellar and basement stairs.

A cellar or basement stair may be located inside the dwelling,
but shall not be located underneath a stair leading to the upper
stories unless it is a basement stair leading upward from a
basement which is the main entrance story of the dwelling, or
unless it is a stair leading downward from the entrance story
which is separated by a fireproof arch from the stair leading
upward from the entrance story. Except as otherwise provided in
subdivision five of section fifty-two, all inside cellar or
basement stairs shall be entirely enclosed with fireproof walls
and be provided with fireproof doors and assemblies, with the
doors self-closing, at all openings.


Sec. 107. Public halls.

1.   Every public vestibule or other public hall shall comply
     either with the provisions of section one hundred forty-nine
     for non-fireproof multiple dwellings, so far as applicable,
     or with the provisions of subdivision two of this section,
     except that the provisions as to ventilation shall not apply
     to any part of an entrance hall within sixty feet in a
     straight line from an entrance door.

2.   If such a dwelling does not comply with the applicable
     provisions of section one hundred forty-nine, it shall
     comply with all of the following:

     a.   Every public vestibule or hall shall be everywhere at
          least three feet eight inches in clear width.

     b.   Every such public vestibule or hall shall be separated
          from all other parts of the dwelling by fireproof
          walls.

     c.   All openings from such a public vestibule or hall to
          stairs, fire-stairs, fire-tower balconies, shafts,
          apartments or suites of rooms shall be protected by
          fireproof doors and assemblies, with the doors self-
          closing, except that such doors and assemblies shall
          not be required in any fireproof class B multiple
          dwelling for any apartment consisting of one room
          opening directly upon a public hall or for any
          apartment of three rooms or less in a college or school
          dormitory.

     d.   Such a public vestibule or hall shall not be required
          to have a window, but if it does not have a window
          opening to the outer air it shall be equipped for
          artificial lighting and be properly lighted at all
          times.

     e.   Except for that part of an entrance hall within sixty
          feet in a straight line from an entrance door such a
          public vestibule or hall without a window to the outer
          air shall be ventilated to the outer air by means of
          gravity vent flues at least twelve inches in each
          dimension or by mechanical means approved by the
          department. There shall be at least one vent flue
          opening of at least twelve inches in each dimension for
          each one thousand cubic feet of air content of such
          public vestibule or hall. Such vent flues shall be
          continuous for the height of the dwelling and the
          openings at each story shall be equipped with fire
          dampers held open by a fusible link at each opening and
          properly hooded or provided with louvres at the top
          above the roof.

     f.   If a window to the outer air is provided in any such
          public vestibule or hall, such vestibule or hall shall
          nevertheless be ventilated as provided in paragraph e,
          except that if such a window has a glazed area of at
          least twelve square feet and at least one tenth of the
          superficial floor area of the vestibule or hall,
          readily accessible to the outer air to the extent of at
          least five and one-half square feet of its area, no
          vent flues need be provided within a distance of forty
          feet from each side of such window.

3.   The requirements of this section as to ventilation shall
     apply to all parts of an entrance hall more than sixty feet
     distant in a straight line from an entrance door, to all
     returns or recesses that lead to elevators and extend
     farther from the hall which they adjoin than four times
     their width, and to all other returns or recesses from
     entrance halls that extend farther than their width.

4.   Any part of a public hall that is shut off from any other
     part of such hall by a door or doors shall be deemed a
     separate hall.


Sec. 108. Partitions.

All partitions shall rest directly upon the fireproof floor
construction and never upon any wood flooring, and shall extend
to the fireproof construction of the floor or roof above.


                             TITLE 2
                           SANITATION

Sec. 115. Interior water-closets and bathrooms.

Interior water-closet compartments and bathrooms contained in
fireproof multiple dwellings shall comply with the applicable
provisions of section seventy-six.


Sec. 116. Water-closets in certain class B multiple dwellings.

Water-closets contained in certain class B multiple dwellings
shall comply with the applicable provisions of section seventy-
six.


Sec. 117. Employees' water-closets.

Water-closet compartments provided for domestic servants of
tenants in multiple dwellings shall comply with the applicable
provisions of section seventy-six.


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