[D26-31.01] 27-2063 Location of water closets
a. Water closets
are prohibited in any yard, court or other open space. The owner shall remove
any such existing water closet or other similar receptacle and, under the direction
of the department disinfect the area where such receptacle was located.
b. Water closets
are prohibited in a cellar or basement, unless they are either provided for
lawful cellar and basement dwelling unit, or are supplementary to water closets
required under the provisions of this article.
c. In any apartment,
a water closet may be placed in a separate compartment or in a bathroom.
d. In any apartment,
no more than one water closet shall be placed within a single compartment.
e. In a Class
A multiple dwelling, a general toilet room containing more than one water closet
is prohibited, unless such water closets are supplementary to the facilities
required for each apartment, or serve the non-residential portions of the premises.
f. In a multiple
dwelling erected after April 18, 1929, no water closet located within a compartment
or bathroom may open into any kitchen or kitchenette.
[D26-31.03] 27-2064 Size and construction of water
a. Every water
closet compartment shall be at least two feet, four inches in clear width.
b. The walls enclosing
every water closet compartment shall extend from floor to ceiling except in
general toilet or bath rooms.
c. The walls of
every water closet compartment and general toilet or bathroom shall be plastered
tiled or covered with similar materials approved by the department.
d. The floor of
every water closet compartment, bathroom or general toilet room shall be waterproofed
with material approved by the department. Such waterproofing shall extend at
least six inches above the floor, except at the doors.
e. Drip trays
f. No water closet
or other plumbing fixture shall be enclosed with any woodwork.
[D26-31.05] 27-2065 Light and ventilation of water
a. In every water
closet compartment, bathroom and general toilet room one of the following requirements
for light and ventilation shall be met:
(1) There shall
be a window opening upon a street, yard, court, partially enclosed balcony
or space above a setback, on an offset or recess which may be less than six
feet in width. Every such window shall be at least three square feet in area
and one-half of its area shall open.
(2) If the water
closet compartment, bathroom or general toilet room is either located on the
top story or is underneath the bottom of a lawful shaft or court, it may be
lighted and ventilated by a skylight in the roof. Such skylight shall contain
three square feet of glazed area and shall open.
(3) There shall
be a system of mechanical ventilation, approved for construction and arrangement
by the department. In a multiple dwelling such system of ventilation shall
be maintained and operated continuously to provide at least four changes per
hour of the air volume of each water closet, bathroom or general toilet room
daily from six o'clock in the morning until midnight in all residential parts
of a dwelling and from seven o'clock in the morning until seven o'clock at
night in any non-residential parts of a dwelling. In a private dwelling the
approved system of mechanical ventilation may be switch-operated.
b. Nothing in
this section shall require any change to be made in the lighting or ventilation
of water closets, bathrooms, or general toilet rooms in any portion of any old
law tenement or any converted dwelling if such lighting or ventilation was lawful
on July 1, 1961 and in one or two family dwellings if such lighting or ventilation
was lawful on August second, nineteen hundred sixty-seven.
Sec. [D26-31.07] 27-2066 Sanitary facilities in
a. Multiple dwellings
erected after nineteen hundred and twenty-nine:
(1) Every apartment
in a multiple dwelling erected after April 18, 1929 shall contain a water
closet and a bath.
(2) In every
such dwelling exceeding two stories in height, a water closet shall be accessible
to every bedroom without passing through any other bedroom, and such access
shall be required in every dwelling of two stories or less in height erected
after July 1, 1961.
(3) In a multiple
dwelling erected after July 14, 1967, every apartment shall contain a washbasin.
b. Converted dwellings
(1) Every apartment
in a converted dwelling shall contain a water closet and a bath or shower;
and every apartment in a dwelling converted after July 1, 1961 shall also
contain a washbasin.
(2) In an apartment
located in a dwelling converted after April 13, 1940, there shall be access
to a water closet from every bedroom without passing through any other bedroom.
c. New law tenements
(1) Every apartment
in a new law tenement shall contain a water closet and a bath.
(2) In every
apartment, a water closet shall be accessible to every bedroom without passing
through any other bedroom.
d. Old law tenements
(1) In every
old law tenement a water closet shall be provided for the exclusive use of
the occupants of every apartment. If it is not located within the apartment,
the water closet shall be located on the same story as the apartment and shall
be equipped with lock and key.
(2) Such water
closet shall be constructed and ventilated as approved by the department.
e. New apartments
in converted dwellings or tenements
9, 1955, in any converted dwelling or tenement in which:
(1) the number
of apartments in the dwelling is increased by any alteration, including the
subdivision of existing apartments, the conversion of non-residential space
or rooming units to apartments, or the enlargement of the dwelling; or
(2) all apartments
in the dwelling are vacated by the department or, except in a summer resort
dwelling, are untenanted for 60 days or more; a new certificate of occupancy
shall not be issued and a newly created apartment shall not be occupied, or
a vacated apartment reoccupied, unless it contains a water closet, bath or
shower, and washbasin.
for all apartments in multiple dwellings effective January 1, 1973
1, 1973, there shall be provided for the exclusive use of the occupants of each
apartment in a multiple dwelling a water closet, a bath or shower; and a washbasin,
except that in tenements, no washbasin shall be required pursuant to this section
where there is a sink within the apartment.
Sec. [D26-31.09] 27-2067 Sanitary facilities in
a. Every building
containing rooming units, and each individual apartment used for single room
occupancy, shall contain at least one water closet, washbasin and bath or shower
for each six persons lawfully occupying rooming units therein and for any remainder
of less than six persons. At least one water closet shall be located on any
floor containing a rooming unit. If there are not more than two rooms on the
first story above the basement in a said rooming house, no water closet is required
on such floor but the occupants of the room shall be counted in determining
the required number of facilities.
b. Every occupant
of a rooming unit shall have access to each required water closet, washbasin
and bath or shower without passing through any other rooming unit or portion
of the dwelling reserved for other occupants.
c. Any additional
water closet installed to comply with the requirements of subdivision (a) of
this section shall be located in a compartment, separate from any other water
closet, bath or shower, except that a required washbasin may be provided in
such compartment. Such additional baths, or showers, shall he located in compartments
separate from every required water closet.
d. Sanitary facilities
for the exclusive use of and accessible only to the occupants of one rooming
unit may be combined in a bathroom. Neither the facilities nor the occupants
shall be counted in determining the number of the facilities required in subdivision
a of this section.
[D26-31.11] 27-2068 Sanitary facilities in certain
multiple dwellings erected after 1929
a. Fireproof multiple
In a fireproof
multiple dwelling erected after April 18, 1929, in which any living room opens
directly upon a public hall without any intervening room, foyer or passage,
or in which any suites of two living rooms open upon a foyer giving direct access
to a public hall, there shall be one water closet for every three such living
rooms on a story. Every such water closet shall be accessible to one or more
such rooms without passage through a public hall or bedroom. In a Class B multiple
dwelling, where any such living room does not have access to a water closet
without passage through a public hall or bedroom, there shall be at least one
water closet for every fifteen living rooms or fraction thereof, and every such
living room shall have access to a water closet through a public hall.
b. Fireproof class
In a fireproof
class B multiple dwelling erected after April eighteenth, nineteen hundred twenty
nine, in which every living room, excluding rooms occupied by management and
maintenance personnel of the dwelling, opens directly to a public hall without
passing through any other room, foyer or private hall, there shall be two water
closets for the first twenty living rooms or fraction thereof, and one additional
water closet for each additional fifteen living rooms or fraction thereof. Such
water closets may be located in compartments or in general toilet rooms accessible
from every living room on the floor. A urinal may be substituted for a water
closet on any story where seventeen or more rooms are occupied exclusively by
males, but not more than one-quarter of the required facilities may be urinals.
class B dwellings.
In a non-fireproof
Class B multiple dwelling erected after April 18, 1929, there shall be one water
closet and washbasin for every seven living rooms. One such water closet compartment
with washbasin shall be accessible to every room on each floor.
d. Sanitary facilities
for employees of tenants
If employees of
the tenants occupy two or more rooms opening directly to the same public hall
in a fireproof multiple dwelling erected after April 18, 1929, there shall be
one water closet for the first four rooms or fraction thereof and one additional
water closet for each additional seven rooms or fraction thereof. Such facilities
shall be accessible either directly from such rooms or through the public halls.
Sec. [D26-31.13] 27-2069 Sanitary facilities in
one- and two-family dwellings
The owner of a
one- or two-family dwelling shall provide for the exclusive use of the occupants
of each dwelling unit at least one water closet, one washbasin, and one bath
or shower. Such facilities shall be located on the same story as each dwelling
unit, or on any of the stories to which a dwelling unit extends.