STATE OF NEW YORK
                     DIVISION OF HOUSING AND COMMUNITY RENEWAL
                           OFFICE OF RENT ADMINISTRATION
                                    GERTZ PLAZA
                              92-31 UNION HALL STREET
                              JAMAICA, NEW YORK 11433

     ------------------------------------X 
     IN THE MATTER OF THE ADMINISTRATIVE :  ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW
     APPEAL OF                              DOCKET NO.:  AL 210772-RO
                                         :  
        MELVIN ZUCKERMAN,                   DRO DOCKET NO.: K 3103539-R

                           PETITIONER    : 
     ------------------------------------X                             


       ORDER AND OPINION GRANTING PETITION FOR ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW IN PART


     The above-named petitioner filed  a  Petition  for  Administrative  Review
     against an order issued on September 15, 1986, by the  Rent  Administrator
     of the Columbus  Circle  District  Rent  Office,  concerning  the  housing
     accommodations known as 222 Lenox Road, Apartment No. 3C Brooklyn.

     The tenants, Thelma Garrison and  Edna  Carroll,  who  took  occupancy  on
     about June 30, 1978 at a rent of $370.00 per month, filed a  complaint  of
     overcharge on March 29, 2984.

     The herein appealed  order  of  the  Rent  Administration  established  an
     initial rent $331.83 pursuant to a default procedure based on the  owner's
     failure to submit a complete rental history and  found  total  overcharges
     of $2794.66,including interest, though June 30,1984.

     The petitioner, among other things, has urged throughout  this  proceeding
     that he  is  a  receiver  appointed  in  a  federal  mortgage  foreclosure
     proceeding as of July 1, 1983 and has no prior records.

     The Commissioner is of the opinion that the petition should be granted  in
     part.

     Section 42A of the former Rent Stabilization Code requires that  an  owner
     retain complete records for each stabilized apartment in effect form  June
     30, 1974 (or the date the apartment became subject to rent  stabilization,
     if later) to date and to produce such records to the DHCR upon demand.

     Section  26-516 of  Rent  Stabilization  Law,  effective  April  1,  1984,
     limited an owner's obligation to provide rent records by providing that an 
     owner may not be required to maintain or produce  rent  records  for  more
     than 4 years prior to the most  recent  registration,  and  concomitantly,
     established a 4 year limitation on the calculation of rent overcharges.

     It has been the DHCR's policy that overcharge complaints  filed  prior  to
     April 1, 1984 are to be processed pursuant to the law or Code in effect 








          DOCKET NUMBER: AL 210772-RO
     on March  31,  1984.   (See  section  2526.1(a)(4)  of  the  current  Rent
     Stabilization Code.)  The DHCR has therefore applied Section 42A of the 
     former Code to  overcharge  complaints  filed  prior  to  April  1,  1984,
     requiring complete rent records in these cases.  In following this policy, 
     the DHCR has sought to be consistent with the legislative  intent  of  the
     Omnibus Housing Act (Chapter 403, Laws of 1983), as implemented by the New 
     York City Conciliation and Appeals Board (CAB), the predecessor agency  to
     the DHCR, to determine rent overcharge complaints filed with the CAB prior 
     to April 1, 1984 by applying the law in effect at the time such complaints 
     were filed so as not to deprive such tenants of their right  to  have  the
     lawful stabilized rent determined from the June 30, 1974 base date and  so
     as not to deprive tenants whose overcharge  claims  accrued  more  than  4
     years prior to April 1, 1984 of their right to recover  such  overcharges.
     In such cases, if the owner failed to produce the required  rent  records,
     the lawful stabilized rent would be determined  pursuant  to  the  default
     procedure approved by the Court of Appeals in 61 Jane Street Associates v. 
     CAB, 65 N.Y.2d 898, 493 N.Y.S.2d 455 (1985). 

     However, it has recently been held in the case of J.R.D. Mgt. v.  Eimicke,
     14B A.D. 2d 610,  539 N.Y.S.2d 667 (App. Div. 2d Dep't 1989),  motion  for
     leave to reargue or for leave to appeal to the  Court  of  Appeals  denied
     (App. Div. 2d Dep't, N.Y.L.J., June 28, 1989,  p.25,  col.1),  motion  for
     leave to appeal  to  the  Court  of  Appeals  denied  (Court  of  Appeals,
     N.Y.L.J., Nov. 24, 1989, p. 24 col. 4), motion for leave to reargue denied 
     (Court of Appeals, N.Y.L.J., Feb. 15, 1990, p. 25, col.1), that the law in 
     effect at the time of the determination of  the  administrative  complaint
     rather than the law in effect at the time of the filing of  the  complaint
     must be applied and that the DHCR could not require an  owner  to  produce
     more than 4 years of rent records.

     Since the issuance of the decision in JRD, the Appellate  Division,  First
     Department, in the case of Lavanant v. DHCR, 148 A.D.2d 185, 544  N.Y.S.2d
     332 (App. Div. 1st Dep't 1989), has issued a decision in  direct  conflict
     with the holding in JRD.  The Lavanant court expressly  rejected  the  JRD
     ruling, finding that the DHCR may properly  require  an  owner  to  submit
     complete rent records, rather than records for just four years,  and  that
     such  requirement  is  both  rational  and  supported  by  the   law   and
     legislative history of the Omnibus Housing Act.

     Since in the instant case the subject dwelling  unit  is  located  in  the
     Second Department; the DHCR is constrained to follow the JRD  decision  in
     determining the tenant's overcharge complaint,  limiting  the  requirement
     for rent records to April 1, 1980.

     The instant record does contain a rental history going  back  prior  April
     30, 1980.  The owner cannot, therefore,  be  held  to  have  defaulted  in
     accord with the JRD ruling.

     Rents and overcharges have been recalculated on  the  chart  attached  and
     made part hereof.

     If the owner has already complied  with  the  Administrator's  order,  the
     tenants in occupancy may pay any arrears resulting herefrom  in  36  equal
     monthly installments.

     THEREFORE, pursuant to the Rent Stabilization Law and Code, it is






          DOCKET NUMBER: AL 210772-RO
     ORDERED, that this petition be, and the same hereby is,  granted  in  part
     and that the order of the Rent Administration be, and the same hereby is , 
     modified in accord herewith.

     ISSUED:










      
                                                    ELLIOT SANDER
                                                 Deputy Commissioner


                                                   
      
    

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